2.5.2 Imaging and Microscopy
The link between the nanoscale and microscale material properties to the macroscale device performance will be achieved through the following approaches:
• Scanning and Transmission electron microscopy.
• Luminescence imaging (PL, electroluminescence (EL), cathodoluminescence): Quasi Fermi level splitting, ideality factor, pseudo-IV, activation energy, Urbach energy, series resistance, etc.
• Dark lock-in thermography: detection of shunt and damaged p-n junctions
• Light- and electron-beam induced current microscopy
• Magnetic-field imaging